U.S. Army Combatives – FM 3-25.150

5-04 Defending Against Headlocks

5-4. DEFENDING AGAINST HEADLOCKS

a. Defend the Guillotine.

(1) Step 1 (Figure 5-19). When you find yourself caught in the guillotine choke, reach over the enemy’s opposite shoulder with your arm. Turn your head slightly inward and grasp the enemy’s wrist to help alleviate the pressure. You should also relax and hang as dead weight. If the enemy is taller than you, place your knees on his thighs to support you.

Figure 5-19. Defend the guillotine, step 1.

Figure 5-19. Defend the guillotine, step 1.

(2) Step 2 (Figure 5-20). As the enemy tries to pick you up to choke you, bounce around to the opposite side from the choke. Break his base by bumping the back of his knee with your knee, and lower him carefully to the ground. Ensure that you are in side control as you set him down.

Figure 5-20. Defend the guillotine, step 2.

Figure 5-20. Defend the guillotine, step 2.

 

Figure 5-20. Defend the guillotine, step 2 (continued).

Figure 5-20. Defend the guillotine, step 2 (continued).

 

Figure 5-20. Defend the guillotine, step 2 (continued).

Figure 5-20. Defend the guillotine, step 2 (continued).

(3) Step 3 (Figure 5-21). With the hand that is closest to his head, grasp his far side shoulder and drive the bony portion of your forearm under his chin until you can pull your head free.

Figure 5-21. Defend the guillotine, step 3.

Figure 5-21. Defend the guillotine, step 3.

b. Defend the Guillotine with Knee Strikes. When the enemy has secured the guillotine choke, he may attempt to direct knee strikes to your head.

(1) Step 1 (Figure 5-22). With both arms locked out at the elbows, and the heels of the hands together, block the enemy’s knee strikes just above the knee. It is very important that your thumbs be alongside your hands so that they are not broken by the enemy’s knee strikes. Your leg that is on the side corresponding with the side of the enemy that your head is on, should be forward, and the other leg back. Your leg that is on the same side of the enemy as your head should be forward, and your other leg back.

Figure 5-22. Defend the guillotine with knee strikes, step 1.

Figure 5-22. Defend the guillotine with knee strikes, step 1.

(2) Step 2 (Figure 5-23). Swing your back leg forward, between the enemy’s legs, and sit down on your other heel. This dropping action will send the enemy over your head, driving his head into the ground.

Figure 5-23. Defend the guillotine with knee strikes, step 2.

Figure 5-23. Defend the guillotine with knee strikes, step 2.

Figure 5-23. Defend the guillotine with knee strikes, step 2 (continued).

Figure 5-23. Defend the guillotine with knee strikes, step 2 (continued).

CAUTION

This technique can be very dangerous to practice. It should always be practiced with the enemy’s outside hand free, allowing him to roll out. Soldiers should be proficient in rolling breakfalls, and great care must be taken to ensure they know how to properly roll out while practicing (Figure 5-24).

Figure 5-24. Defend the guillotine with knee strikes, caution.

Figure 5-24. Defend the guillotine with knee strikes, caution.

c. Headlock with Punches. When you are behind the enemy and he has control of your head, He must release one of his hands in order to punch.

(1) Step 1 (Figure 5-25). With your front arm attempt to grasp the enemy’s punching arm and push it back, feeding it to your other arm. Grasp it from behind his back at the elbow.

Figure 5-25. Headlock with punches, step 1.

Figure 5-25. Headlock with punches, step 1.

(2) Step 2 (Figure 5-26). When the punching arm has been controlled, secure a grip on the top of the hand that is around your head, and place your hip against the enemy’s side. At the same time, step and look away from the enemy, extending your body to break his grip. Hip pressure will keep him from following.

Figure 5-26. Headlock with punches, step 2.

Figure 5-26. Headlock with punches, step 2.

(3) Step 3 (Figure 5-27). Keep his hand pressed tightly against your chest, and with the foot closest to him, step backwards to place yourself standing behind him with his hand still captured against your chest.

Figure 5-27. Headlock with punches, step 3.

Figure 5-27. Headlock with punches, step 3.

 

Figure 5-27. Headlock with punches, step 3 (continued).

Figure 5-27. Headlock with punches, step 3 (continued).

d. Head Lock Without Punches. When the enemy has control of your head, he will normally try to hold on with both hands.

(1) Step 1 (Figure 5-28). Block potential knee strikes by placing the heel of one hand just above the opposite side knee. Reach the other hand around the enemy’s back and secure a grip at the far side of his hip bone. Your legs should be back so that he cannot get his hip under you.

Figure 5-28. Headlock without punches, step 1.

Figure 5-28. Headlock without punches, step 1.

(2) Step 2 (Figure 5-29). Step slightly in front of the enemy, and then with your outside foot, step between the enemy’s legs and sit down on your heel. This should be a spinning action, and as you drop between his legs, pull him with the hand that was on his hip. He will fall over you so that you can roll up into the mount.

Figure 5-29. Headlock without punches, step 2.

Figure 5-29. Headlock without punches, step 2.

 

Figure 5-29. Headlock without punches, step 2 (continued).

Figure 5-29. Headlock without punches, step 2 (continued).

Note: Ensure that you tuck your elbow in as he falls to avoid landing on it.


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