U.S. Army Combatives – FM 3-25.150

7-06 Entrenching Tools

Section II. FIELD-EXPEDIENT WEAPONS

To survive, the soldier in combat must be able to deal with any situation that develops. His ability to adapt any nearby object for use as a weapon in a win-or-die situation is limited only by his ingenuity and resourcefulness. Possible weapons, although not discussed herein, include ink pens or pencils; canteens tied to string to be swung; snap links at the end of sections of rope; kevlar helmets; sand, rocks, or liquids thrown into the enemy’s eyes; or radio antennas. The following techniques demonstrate a few expedient weapons that are readily available to most soldiers for defense and counterattack against the bayonet and rifle with fixed bayonet.

7-6. ENTRENCHING TOOL

Almost all soldiers carry the entrenching tool. It is a versatile and formidable weapon when used by a soldier with some training. It can be used in its straight position-locked out and fully extended—or with its blade bent in a 90-degree configuration.

a. To use the entrenching tool against a rifle with fixed bayonet, the attacker lunges with a thrust to the stomach of the defender along a low No. 5 angle of attack (Figure 7-31, Step 1).

(1) The defender moves just outside to avoid the lunge and meets the attacker’s arm with the blade of the fully extended entrenching tool (Figure 7-31, Step 2).

(2) The defender gashes all the way up the attacker’s arm with the force of both body masses coming together. The hand gripping the entrenching tool is given natural protection from the shape of the handle. The defender continues pushing the blade of the entrenching tool up and into the throat of the attacker, driving him backward and downward (Figure 7-31, Step 3).

Figure 7-31. Entrenching tool against rifle with fixed bayonet.

Figure 7-31. Entrenching tool against rifle with fixed bayonet.

b. An optional use of entrenching tool against a rifle with fixed bayonet is for the attacker to lunge to the stomach of the defender (Figure 7-32, Step 1).

(1) The defender steps to the outside of the line of attack at 45 degrees to avoid the weapon. He then turns his body and strikes downward onto the attacking arm (on the radial nerve) with the blade of the entrenching tool (Figure 7-32, Step 2).

(2) He drops his full body weight down with the strike, and the force causes the attacker to collapse forward. The defender then strikes the point of the entrenching tool into the jugular notch, driving it deeply into the attacker (Figure 7-32, Step 3).

Figure 7-32. Optional use of the entrenching tool against rifle with fixed bayonet.

Figure 7-32. Optional use of the entrenching tool against rifle with fixed bayonet.

c. In the next two sequences, the entrenching tool is used in the bent configuration-that is, the blade is bent 90 degrees to the handle and locked into place.

(1) The attacker tries to stick the bayonet into the chest of the defender (Figure 7-33, Step 1).

(a) When the attack comes, the defender moves his body off the line of attack by stepping to the outside. He allows his weight to shift forward and uses the blade of the entrenching tool to drag along the length of the weapon, scraping the attacker’s arm and hand (Figure 7-33, Step 2). The defender’s hand is protected by the handle’s natural design.

(b) He continues to move forward into the attacker, strikes the point of the blade into the jugular notch, and drives it downward (Figure 7-33, Step 3).

Figure 7-33. Entrenching tool in bent configuration.

Figure 7-33. Entrenching tool in bent configuration.

(2) The attacker lunges with a fixed bayonet along the No. 5 angle of attack (Figure 7-34, Step 1). The defender then steps to the outside to move off the line of attack and turns; he strikes the point of the blade of the entrenching tool into the side of the attacker’s throat (Figure 7-34, Step 2).

Figure 7-34. Optional use of entrenching tool in bent configuration.

Figure 7-34. Optional use of entrenching tool in bent configuration.


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